What you need to know

Infertility is an extremely challenging and sensitive issue that is affecting a growing number of couples. At the MUHC Reproductive Centre, we strive to alleviate the stress and frustration associated with infertility by providing emotional support and expert advice on treatment options available.  

What is Infertility?

Infertility is the inability for a couple to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Some couples who do not conceive within one year may eventually do so without medical help. These couples are sub-fertile, which means that they can conceive, but it takes them longer than one year to do so.

When to Seek Help?

We encourage couples to seek fertility consultation after one year of unsuccessfully trying to become pregnant; however, you should seek help sooner if you have one or more of the following conditions: 

  • irregular or no menstruation;
  • history of pelvic infections and/or burst appendix, previous abdominal surgeries;
  • increasing and severe pain during menstruation;
  • 2 to 3 previous miscarriages;
  • history of sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia or Gonorrhea in either partner;
  • testicular surgery, injury, or history of childhood infections such as mumps in the male partner;
  • sexual problems such as premature ejaculation and/or difficulty with erection;
  • female partner is older than 35 years of age.