In Vitro Treatments

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

In-vitro fertilization is the fertilization of eggs by sperm outside the body. In IVF, eggs are removed from the woman’s ovaries and are fertilized with the man’s sperm in the laboratory to create embryos which can then be transferred to the woman’s uterus. IVF treatment is used when there is damage to the fallopian tubes, severe male factor infertility, severe endometriosis, or when other infertility treatments have failed or in older women who have been infertile for a long time.

IVF Medication

The hormone therapy that precedes the egg retrieval is more complex than the hormone therapy given before IUI (insemination) in basic treatment. With IVF, the goal of hormone therapy is twofold: to stimulate the ovaries to produce many mature eggs and, to prevent premature ovulation before egg collection.

There are different medications and strategies that can be used to stimulate the ovaries and control ovulation. The treatment plan and choice of medications is based on the couple's test results and unique medical history.   Various types of medication such as oral contraceptives and gonadotropins (hormone injections) may be used during an IVF treatment. These medications can have some side effects such as fatigue, headaches, breast tenderness and mood changes; however, side effects are usually mild and of short duration.

Additional hormone therapy is given after the egg retrieval, in order to help implantation of the embryo and to support the possible pregnancy.

 

Other In Vitro Treatments