Dr. Peter Chan: An advocate for men's health

As a kid, Peter Chan dreamed of serving his community as a social worker; as a urologist Dr. Chan is fulfilling that dream.


Urologist Dr. Peter Chan is on a mission to get men to take charge of their health

By Tamarah Feder

As a kid, Peter Chan dreamed of serving his community as a social worker. Years later, as an MUHC urologist Dr. Chan is fulfilling that dream in a multitude of ways.

When Peter Chan was a child, he figured that the best way to help people would be to become a social worker. As an immigrant from Hong Kong growing up in Canada, Chan witnessed first-hand the challenges faced by people from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. But it was his undergrad student colleagues who nudged him toward medicine. “As I studied more and more, I was inspired by some of my older student colleagues. They told me that as a doctor you can reach many different communities, have some autonomy, and ensure a broad diversity in the things you do.”

For Chan, becoming a doctor instead of a social worker wasn’t so much an abandonment of one aspiration for another than an integration of goals. As a first-year med student, Chan volunteered with a student group and went to Haiti to do work during the country’s HIV crisis. That experience drove home the importance of education, community health and prevention, as well appreciating the cultural nuances in addressing the very personal and sometimes taboo aspects of healthcare.

After earning undergraduate, medical, and graduate degrees from McGill University, Dr. Chan pursued concurrent Fellowships in Male Reproductive Medicine and Microsurgery at Cornell University, and Molecular Genetics at Rockefeller University. In 2002, he returned to Montreal and began working at the MUHC. In the short decade since, his impact has been tremendous. A devoted educator, he not only teaches undergraduate as well as graduate and post-graduate students at McGill, but he delivers continuing education workshops on a range of men’s health topics to Quebec family doctors. Dr. Chan’s educational reach extends around the world through a course on infertility to attendees of the prestigious American Urological Association annual conference, and in Japan and China where he teaches micro-surgery to fellow doctors.

Although all the teaching takes up a lot of personal time and perhaps means seeing fewer patients here, Chan thinks it’s a good trade-off, “I can either treat 100 patients here and that’s it. Or I can treat 10 patients but share my knowledge with 100 doctors who can then go on to treat 100 patients each.” In fact, all combined, Chan teaches at least five times that many doctors each year.

 

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Chan still manages to directly help hundreds of Montreal-area patients each year. Recently, he hosted his seventh annual free public men’s health exam. In total, more than 250 men came by downtown Montreal's Alexis Nihon Plaza that day for a complete health exam, and at least 1000 people stopped by the various information booths offering information on a range of men’s health issues. Since launching the event, Chan and his team have examined approximately 1,000 men, half of whom have been contacted to seek follow up exams.

The event requires mindboggling logistical planning and hard work. Dr. Chan is quick to credit the help and long hours of his indefatigable assistant, Lina Ordonselli. Together, they assemble a volunteer team of over 30 doctors, nurses, researchers, administrative staff and students who share their time and expertise in making the event a huge success. Inspired by Dr. Chan’s enthusiasm to reach men in such a positive way, comedian Joey Elias agreed to help raise awareness of this year’s event, including availing himself of the full menu of tests that check cholesterol and testosterone levels, BMI, and blood pressure. Elias, who recently turned 40, admits that he was a bit wary that his commitment would include getting his first digital rectal exam. But Dr. Chan’s disarming humour and drive to help men assured Elias that he was, well … in good hands.  Elias shared his anxiety with the public through humour, but acknowledged the importance of the exam and, in the end, conceded, “It really wasn’t that bad. And those 10 seconds, awkward as they may have been, can save my life.”

Dr. Chan has also been conducting research on the subject of male reproduction going way back to his undergraduate days. More recently, he has been involved as a lead or co-lead on numerous CIHR-funded research projects looking into the broad spectrum of men’s health issues. But it is male fertility preservation for boys and men – particularly for those who are dealing with different kinds of cancer – that has him especially interested. Chan has developed his own CIHR-funded project on a proteomic study that looks at how men’s sperm changes following chemotherapy.

On a related subject, Chan is frustrated that the burden of infertility management tends to fall on women. “Overwhelmingly – and perhaps unfairly – women wonder, ‘Am I the problem?’ And they are not alone in their presumptions as their male partners also wonder, ‘Is she the problem?’ They never jump first to thinking if the man is the one who may be infertile,” argues Chan. He says that half the cases of couples having difficulty conceiving will find out it is the man who needs to be treated.

Though unwaveringly serious about his work, Chan exudes a friendly compassion that put his patients at ease. That sensitivity to the person and not just the patient is something he tries to pass on to his students. As an Osler Fellow, Chan mentored six McGill medical students over four years, “A few evenings each month we would meet to talk about medicine in general. I emphasized the more humanistic aspects of our profession rather than the technical aspects, which they can learn. I wanted them to value good communication with their patients, which is a bit strange because as a surgeon we don’t typically have a reputation for great patient-doctor communications.”

But Chan does not sugar coat his message that men must take better charge of their health, “Too many men think they are invincible. If they have a heart attack or a car crash they say ‘No problem! I need to see a doctor. That’s a MAN thing.’ But when it comes to urology, nothing is more awkward than talking about sex, or having a finger up your bum or talking about infertility. Somehow, men think they are no longer manly when they have to deal with those things.”

His message is that men who ignore their health may end up suffering devastating – and even fatal – consequences. “We live in a country where we have free access to health care and where we don’t need to worry about going bankrupt if you’re sick. Things are much easier to fix and don’t strain public resources as much if they are caught early.”

A classically trained pianist, Chan plays piano and goes to concerts to unwind.  He also loves, gasp, chick flicks. Surely he jests? “No!” I love them! I really do. His eyes widen with excitement, “Have you seen the Notebook?!” When his assistant Lina is consulted for fact-checking, she laughs, “Yup. He loves that movie. He’s probably seen it at least 85 times.”